The Australian Government is working closely with international partners to advance practical action on climate change and build new clean energy industries. We are cooperating to:
- deepen collaboration to tackle the global climate challenge
- support regional and global energy transformation
- build new clean energy trade opportunities for Australia
- increase and diversify clean energy supply chains.
Australia has partnerships in place with:
- The Republic of Korea
- The United Kingdom
- The United States
- The Netherlands
Australia–Germany Hydrogen Accord
Australia and Germany are working together to advance the development of a global renewable hydrogen industry, including through the Australia-Germany Hydrogen Accord.
Australia and Germany have committed to three initiatives under the Accord:
- a Hydrogen Innovation and Technology Incubator (HyGATE) to support real-world projects along the hydrogen supply chain
- facilitating industry-to-industry cooperation on demonstration projects in Australian Hydrogen Hubs
- exploring options to facilitate trade of Australian hydrogen and its derivatives produced from renewable energy sources, including through H2Global.
India-Australia Letter of Intent on New and Renewable Energy Technology
Australia and India have joined forces to accelerate the production and deployment of renewable energy technologies that will create new economic opportunities, diversify global clean energy supply chains, and help reduce global emissions.
Australia and India will enhance cooperation and build stronger research and industry linkages, with a particular focus on scaling up the manufacture and deployment of:
- solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies
- clean hydrogen technologies, including electrolysers.
India-Australia Green Hydrogen Taskforce
On 24 May 2023, India and Australia reiterated a shared ambition on green hydrogen with the exchange of the agreed Terms of Reference for the India-Australia Green Hydrogen Taskforce.
Australia-Japan Partnership on Decarbonisation through Technology
Australia and Japan are working together to achieve a net zero emissions future through the Japan‑Australia Partnership on Decarbonisation through Technology. The partnership is advancing cooperation in a range of areas, including clean hydrogen and ammonia, and low emissions steel and iron ore.
Cooperation leverages existing efforts, such as the Japan-Australia Energy and Resources Dialogue (JAERD), and the Australia-Japan Joint Statement of Cooperation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells.
Republic of Korea
Australia-Republic of Korea Low and Zero Emissions Technology Partnership
Australia and the Republic of Korea are collaborating to drive increased adoption of low and zero emissions technologies. Early priorities for cooperation include:
- hydrogen supply (including clean hydrogen and clean ammonia)
- low emissions steel and iron ore
- carbon capture and storage.
Australia-Singapore Initiative on Low Emissions Technology for Maritime and Port Operations
Australia and Singapore have established a $30 million partnership to accelerate the development and deployment of low emissions fuels and technologies, like clean hydrogen, that aim to reduce emissions in maritime and port operations.
This work contributes to the aims of the Memorandum of Understanding between Australia and Singapore on low emissions technologies and solutions and the Singapore-Australia Green Economy Agreement.
Australia–UK Clean Technology Partnership
Australia and the UK are working together to realise the shared ambition of reaching net zero emissions by 2050.
The two countries are exploring cooperation to decarbonise industry, which is a major source of emissions for both economies, in support of economic growth and innovation. Officials have been working with industry to explore options to support industrial decarbonisation, including through electrification and fuel‑switching.
Australia-United States Climate, Critical Minerals and Clean Energy Transformation Compact
Launched by leaders in May 2023, the Compact demonstrates our shared determination to make climate and clean energy cooperation the third pillar of Australia’s alliance with the United States, alongside defence and economic cooperation.
The Compact is a framework under which Australia and the United States coordinate policies and investment to:
- support the expansion and diversification of clean energy and critical mineral supply chains
- accelerate the development of markets for established and emerging technologies
- meet the growing energy and adaptation needs in the Indo-Pacific; and
- enhance the region’s role as a driver of resilient and sustainable global prosperity.
Under our leadership and the U.S. National Security Council, Australia and the United States have established a dedicated forum on Clean Energy Industrial Transformation. The forum enables relevant departments and agencies to coordinate the implementation of their respective clean energy supply chain strategies. The Australian Minister for Climate Change and Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy also support implementation of the Compact through a ministerial-level Dialogue.
Australia-United States Net Zero Technology Acceleration Partnership
This partnership aims to accelerate the development and deployment of zero emissions technologies, and advance collaboration on critical minerals supply chains, to support energy security, economic growth and decarbonisation goals across both economies.
The partnership establishes a framework for practical cooperation on four initial areas:
- long duration energy storage
- digital electricity grids and technology for integration of variable renewable energy
- hydrogen, including:
- applications in mining and heavy vehicles
- supporting industry growth, including on Guarantee of Origin certification and deployment of hydrogen hubs
- carbon dioxide removal, including direct air capture.
Australia-Netherlands Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Hydrogen
Australia and the Netherlands signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in January 2023 to support the development of a renewable hydrogen supply chain from Australia to Europe.
The MoU is an example of the importance of international collaboration to develop clean energy supply chains, and brings mutual benefits and increased opportunities for both nations.
The MoU, signed at the Port of Rotterdam, covers:
- hydrogen trade policy, standards and certification schemes;
- port infrastructure and supply chain development;
- innovative hydrogen technologies, including shipping, equipment and services; and
- government policies on safety, social licence and regulations for hydrogen.