The Annual Climate Change Statement is a requirement under the Climate Change Act 2022. The Climate Change Act 2022 legislated our emissions reduction targets of 43% below 2005 levels by 2030 and net zero by 2050. It also introduced the requirement for an Annual Climate Change Statement to Parliament to provide greater accountability and transparency. The Annual Statement must report on:
- the progress made during the year towards achieving Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets
- international developments during the year that are relevant to addressing climate change
- climate change policy
- the effectiveness of the Commonwealth’s policies in contributing to the achievement of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets and reducing emissions in the sectors covered by those policies
- the impact of the Commonwealth’s climate change policies to achieve Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets on rural and regional Australia, including the social, employment and economic benefits being delivered by those policies in rural and regional Australia
- risks to Australia from climate change impacts, such as those relating to Australia’s environment, biodiversity, health, infrastructure, agriculture, investment, economy or national security.
The Climate Change Act 2022 also requires that the Climate Change Authority provide independent advice to the Minister for Climate Change and Energy relating to the Annual Statement. Annual Statements must be prepared having regard to the Climate Change Authority’s advice.
The second Annual Climate Change Statement was tabled in Parliament on 30 November 2023 with: