Nationally threatened species and ecological communities information sheet
About the fact sheet
Before European settlement, forest, woodland and heathland ecological communities, including the Turpentine–Ironbark Forest of the Sydney Basin Bioregion, covered the Sydney region. This ecological community is now restricted to small bushland remnants nestled amongst the suburbs of Sydney and the Blue Mountains.
The Turpentine–Ironbark Forest is listed as a critically endangered ecological community under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). It is also recognised as two separate endangered ecological communities in New South Wales listed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. The NSW-listed ecological communities are known as the Sydney Turpentine–Ironbark Forest and the Blue Mountains Shale Cap Forest.