King Island, located at the western entrance to Bass Strait, is treasured by residents and visitors alike for its valuable natural assets and way of life — the natural assets underpinning the Island's main industries and leisure activities.
The Island is home to a range of native plants and animals, some of which are under threat of extinction. Plant species under threat include, but are not restricted to, native orchids and ferns, whilst the animal species include the locally endemic threatened birds, the King Island Brown Thornbill (Acanthiza pusilla archibaldi) and King Island Scrubtit (Acanthornis magna greeniana) amongst others.
The King Island Biodiversity Management Plan aims to manage the Island's biodiversity in a manner that not only improves the viability of threatened flora and fauna, but also acknowledges the social and economic needs of the Island's residents. The overall aim of the Plan is that by 2020 there are viable, healthy populations of priority flora and fauna species and vegetation communities on King Island.