The Matted Flax-lily (Dianella amoena) is a small, perennial, tufted lily endemic to Victoria, where it is distributed from the south-west to the east of the State, occurring in grassland and grassy woodland habitats. Much of this habitat has been cleared, and remaining populations of Matted Flax-lily are mostly small and highly fragmented. Current threats include ongoing clearing of habitat and weed invasion. There are estimated to be only about 1,400 plants remaining in about 120 locations. The Matted Flax-lily islisted as Endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. This national Recovery Plan for the Matted Flax-lily is the first recovery plan for the species, and details the species' distribution and biology, conservation status, threats, and recovery objectives and actions necessary to ensure its long-term survival.