Threat abatement plan
The threat abatement plan for reduction in impacts of tramp ants on biodiversity in Australia and its territories has been superseded by the National Invasive Ant Biosecurity Plan.
Red fire ant (Solenopsis invicta)
Tramp ants, or invasive ants, are a diverse group of invasive ant species which have become established widely across the globe. They can arrive in Australia through many transport pathways, and once here can affect ecosystems, social and cultural values, and human health. At least sixteen invasive ant species or genera have national priority for management because of their impact or potential impact on biodiversity, agriculture or society. Management activities to minimise their damage include preventing entry, monitoring high-risk areas, removing new invaders, and dealing with existing incursions.
Key threatening processes
Listed key threatening processes for tramp ants (yellow crazy ants and red imported fire ants) under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) are listed below:
- Loss of biodiversity and ecosystem integrity following invasion by the yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes) on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean
- The reduction in the biodiversity of Australian native fauna and flora due to the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (fire ant)
Tramp or invasive ant species map
The map below shows the distribution of six invasive ant species: red imported fire ant, electric ant, yellow crazy ant, Argentine ant, African big-headed ant and tropical fire ant. Invasive ants are a diverse group of ant species originating from many regions of the world and are highly mobile. Their impacts are high and may be felt directly through predation upon or competition with native animals, or indirectly by modifying habitat structure and altering ecosystem processes.