Polybrominated flame retardants (BFRs) are a ubiquitous part of our built environment. For many years, these flame retardants have improved public safety by reducing the flammability of everyday items including computers, furnishings and mattresses.
Recently, BFRs have attracted increased international attention because of their potential to impact upon the environment and human health. Several polybrominated diphenylether (PBDE) flame retardant compounds have been listed under Annex A of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, to which Australia is a Party. Work under the Stockholm Convention has demonstrated the capacity of some PBDEs to persist and accumulate in the environment and to be carried long distances.
Much is unknown about the impact of PBDEs on living organisms, however recent studies show that some PBDEs can inhibit growth in colonies of plankton and algae and depress the reproduction of zooplankton. Laboratory mice and rats have also shown liver function disturbances and damage to developing nervous systems as a result of exposure to PBDEs.
In 2004, the Australian Government engaged the National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology to conduct three studies to examine levels of PBDEs in Australia. These studies examined levels in aquatic sediments, indoor environments and human blood. The aim of these studies was to improve our knowledge about PBDEs so that governments were in a better position to consider appropriate management actions.
- Assessment of concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in aquatic environments in Australia - 2006
- Assessment of concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in indoor environments in Australia - 2006
- Assessment of concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the Australian population: levels in blood - 2006
The Australian Industrial Chemicals Introduction Scheme (AICIS) has published risk assessments on the following polybrominated flame retardants. The assessments consider the risks of these chemicals to human health and the environment.