About this document
In 2012 the department commissioned a report by Energy International Australia titled Review of Australia’s halon essential uses requirements in order to better understand Australia’s current and projected future halon essential uses.
The report concluded that halon is no longer used in the majority of applications where previously it was considered important for fire protection. A summary by sector in 2012 was:
- Aviation Use: Halon is still used as a fire extinguishing agent in most aircraft globally as there are no viable alternatives for some applications, in particular cargo bay
- Maritime Use: Alternative technologies appear to have replaced halon use in vessels significantly since the mid 1990’s.
- Defence Use: The report indicates uncertainty around ADF stocks, current applications and projected usage.
At the time halon was initially banned, it was assumed that halon alternatives would have replaced halon by 2030. The report suggests that this end date is not realistic.
The 2020 Report Review of Australia’s Non-Defence Halon Requirements provides updated estimates of halon demand.