Additional reports and documents attached to RIS
About the document
Ramsar Information Sheets provide information on wetlands that have been designated under the Ramsar Convention as Wetlands of International Importance. A Ramsar Information Sheet includes information on wetland types, ecology, land uses, threats, hydrological values and maps for the site.
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site includes approximately 330 km of coastline (including islands) along the central coast of Queensland, Australia. The southern boundary, at Corio Bay, and northern boundary, at Broome Head, are approximately 50 km and 125 km north of Rockhampton, respectively.
The site is part of the largest ‘wilderness’ area within the Central Queensland Coast Biogeographic Region. It represents a climatic overlap of tropical, sub-tropical and temperate species and supports diverse, extensive and relatively undisturbed wetland systems including subtidal beds, shallow marine waters, coral reefs, intertidal marshes and forests, peatlands, freshwater marshes and pools, sinkholes and springs.
The site contains over 13,000 ha of seagrass beds that are considered to be some of the most extensive on Australia’s east coast. These beds provide important feeding grounds for dugongs and green turtles and habitat for fisheries species. Diverse and abundant mangrove communities provide habitat for many species, including nursery areas for fish and roosting and sheltering sites for shorebirds. Extensive freshwater peat swamps in the site are rare within the bioregion and elsewhere in Australia.
The site is biodiverse, supporting approximately 908 native plants and native animals comprising 445 fish, 11 frogs, 60 reptiles, 265 birds, and 42 mammals. Globally threatened marine species include the green (Chelonia mydas), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricate), flatback (Natator depressus), loggerhead (Caretta caretta) turtles and dugong (Dugong dugong). It is of international importance to listed migratory bird species and regularly supports more than 20,000 waterbirds; many listed under the Japan-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (JAMBA), China-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA) and/or Republic of Korea-Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (ROKAMBA). Shoalwater Bay is also listed as a Network Site under the East Asian-Australasian Flyway Partnership (Site code EAAF094).